ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE

Source: www.africanakua.com| Dr. Olasemo Ayodeji Ma’Ozi, Nigeria

What are antibiotics?

They are medications used to prevent or treat bacterial infection.

Antibiotic resistance simply refers to the inability of these medications to treat bacterial infections. It is one of the biggest threats to global health in recent times.

It can affect anyone of any age group.

Antibiotic resistance occurs naturally but it is currently on the rise due to misuse of antibiotics in humans and animals.

A growing number of infections such as TB, Gonorrhea, Pneumonia are becoming difficult to manage as antibiotics are becoming less effective.

If measures are not put in place, we are heading for a post antibiotic era in which common infections and minor injuries can once again kill.

PREVENTIONS (Individually)

– Only use prescribed antibiotics.

– Never demand antibiotics if your health worker says you do not need one.

– Follow health workers prescription advice when using antibiotics.

– Never share or use left over antibiotics.

– Prevent infections by proper hygiene, practicing safer sex and vaccination.

PREVENTIONS (Health Professionals)

– Only prescribe and dispense antibiotics when they are needed.

– Counsel patients on proper use of antibiotics and dangers of misuse.

– Report antibiotic resistant infections to the appropriate section.

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