Source: www.africaanakua.com | Gokah Joshua, Ghana

Low sperm count means that the fluid (semen) you ejaculate during an orgasm contains fewer sperms than normal. A low sperm count is also called oligospermia. A complete absence of sperm is called azoospermia. Your sperm count is considered lower than normal if you have fewer than 15 million sperms per milliliter of semen.

 Having a low sperm count decreases the odds that one of your sperm will fertilize your partner’s egg, resulting in pregnancy. Nonetheless, many men who have a low sperm count are still able to father a child.


The main sign of low sperm count is the inability to conceive a child. There may be no other obvious signs or symptoms.


  • Hormonal disorder and problems with the shape of the sperm cells.
  • VARICOCELE: A swelling of the veins that drains into the testicle.
  • INFECTIONS: Some sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, inflammation of the prostate, and other infections of the urinary tract or reproductive organs.
  • CERTAIN MEDICATIONS: Testosterone replacement therapy, cancer medications, certain antifungal and antibiotic medications.
  • Sitting for long periods, wearing tight clothing or using a laptop on your lap for long periods of time also may increase the temperature in your scrotum and reduce sperm production.
  • Prolonged bicycling is a possible cause of reduced fertility due to overheating of the testicles.
  • Alcohol use


  • General physical examination and medical history: This includes examination of your genitals and questions about any inherited conditions, chronic health problems, illnesses, injuries or surgeries that could affect fertility.
  • Semen analysis: this involves counting the total amount of sperm after ejaculation using a microscope.
  • Scrotal ultrasound: This test uses high-frequency sound waves to look at the testicles and supporting structures.
  • Specialized sperm function test: A test used to evaluate how well your sperm survive after ejaculation, how well they can penetrate an egg and whether there’s any problem attaching to the egg.


  • Surgery
  • Using antibiotics to treat infections
  • Hormone treatments and medications
  • Assisted reproductive technology (ART). ART treatments involve obtaining sperm through normal ejaculation, surgical extraction or from donor individuals, depending on your specific case and wishes. The sperm is then inserted into the female genital tract, or used for in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.


  • Limit or abstain from smoking and alcohol intake. Habit of taking illegal drugs should be avoided.
  • Keep the weight off.
  • Ensure to reduce excess heat at your scrotal.
  • Reduce stress.
  • Talk to your doctor before taking any herbal remedies or supplements, as some can cause harm when taken in high doses or for extended periods of time.

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