Source: | Ngwenekome Priscilia Ahone, Cameroon (Yaounde)

The Ministry of Mines, Industry and Technological Development with French acronym MINMIDT has organized a conference to fight against climate change, in collaboration with the African Intellectual Property Organisation (OAPI).

This is to observe the 20th African Day of Technology and Intellectual Property celebrated under the theme “Intellectual property and climate change”.

At the event that occurred in Yaounde on 13 September, OAPI was asked to give a recap of its missions and mention its activities in the fight against climate change.

The organization therefore revealed that it is educating companies to use existing innovative technologies to battle against the negative effects of climate.

According to Edouard Ebah Abada, supporter of MINMIDT and OAPI collaboration, technology and intellectual property can provide solutions to the harmful effects of climate change in the field of energy, water production and agricultural techniques using the information contained in patents.

It was further revealed within the conference that 65% of Africa’s population has been crashed by climate disruption, one of which was the Cyclone Idai that transpired in Southern Africa, around March 2019. While the continent has just 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

In relation to the fight against climate change effects, researchers in the African continent have denounced the abusive exploitation of highly polluting fossil resources, the lack of appropriate waste management policies and the degradation of agricultural areas where chemical fertilizers are poured, just to mention a few.

Doctor Tchakap Gabriel, an environmental expert at the event stated that it is important to find other ways of solving this problem on climate change, like to reduce the use of fossil fuels at the expense of renewable ones.

Solutions for Climate change effects in Cameroon in order to reduce the disruptions of climate change in Cameroon having a national average of 4.8 Watts/m2, it was revealed that the country had made plans of reducing its greenhouse gas emissions to 32% by 2035 in December 2015, which had been censored by the Paris agreement on global warming.

Other solutions to boost agricultural productivity and ensure food security had been implanted in the nation. This include the protection and promotion of plant varieties system project, thanks to the work of IRAD, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, welcomed by the Food and Agriculture Organisation, FAO.

Seeing the benefits of this system, OAPI has plans of promoting it to its 17 member countries to enable sustainable development in the nations. It hopes to achieve this by sensitizing policymakers, economic operators, researchers and the scientific community on intellectual property roles.

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