By: Dr. Olasemo Ayodedji MaOzi/ www.africanakua.com, Nigeria
I will use the surgical face-masks for proper explanation (you can follow the same guidelines in wearing the home made face-masks).
The surgical mask has 3 layers:
–Outer layer which repels fluids
–Middle layer which contains the filter
–Inner layer which absorbs moisture and sweat from exhaled air
WEARING A SURGICAL MASK
-Wash hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water or hand sanitizers.
-Check for defects in facemasks.
-Position the coloured side of the mask outward.
-Make sure the metallic strip is at the top of the mask and positioned against the bridge of the nose.
– If the mask has ear loops, hold by the loops and place each loop over each ear.
Ties: Hold by the strings and tie upper string bow near the crown of the head and lower string near the nape of the neck.
Elastic bands: Pull the bands over the head with the upper band and lower band at the crown and nape of the neck respectively.
-Hold the bendable metallic upper strip to the shape of your nose by pinching or pressing down on it with your fingers.
-Pull the bottom of the mask over your mouth and chin.
– Be sure the mask fits snuggly.
– Do not touch the mask once in position.
AVOID THE FOLLOWING WHEN WEARING A MASK
– Do not touch the mask once secured, it might have germs.
– Do not dangle the mask from one ear.
-Do not hang mask around your neck.
-Do not reuse single use face masks.
– If you have to touch the face mask while wearing it, wash your hands first and be sure to wash after touching or you could use sanitizers.
STEPS TO TAKING OFF A MASK
-Wash hands or apply sanitizers before taking it off.
– Avoid touching the mask itself.
-Hold by the loops, ties or bands.
-Carefully remove the mask holding by the loops, ties or bands.
-Discard by placing in a covered trash bin while holding the loop, ties or bands.
-Wash hands or apply sanitizers after.
Home-made face masks can be washed after every use with soap and water and properly sun dried.
The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that the public wears home-made facemasks while in public places. Surgical mask or N95 respirators should be reserved for healthcare workers as these are critical supplies.