By: Staff Writer/www.africanakua.com
Inspired by © Economic Fighters League, 2019
A sequel on our African History teaches that Africa (especially West Africa) was a well organized continent with so many Kingdoms and Empires as well as different civilizations. For example, there were the Songhai Empire, The Ghana Empire, The Mali Empire, The Ugbo Ukwu civilization and so on. Like it happens in the typical world, there were internal wars and then invasions by foreigners.
The West African Empires were brutally invaded by the Almoravids in the 11th Century, just as the Berbers and the Tuaregs of North Africa suffered serious invasions by the Arabians. After these invasions happened, new and several systems were set in place and Africa moved from the centre of civilization through slavery, colonialism and now neo-colonialism. For the purposes of this discussion, we shall focus on systems chronologically created by colonialism, neocolonialism, and the people’s republic (from 1957 to when Coup D’Etats started happening across the continent). Let’s take note of the following definitions:
- COLONIALISM is a system or policy of a country designed to illegitimately acquire judicial, political and economic control over another country, with the sole purpose of stealing whatever belongs to the latter, often while the colonialist forces its own language and cultural values (elitism, imperialism, religion etc) upon the people of the colonized nation. It must be noted that no amount of reparations can restore centuries of colonialism but political and economic independence of the afflicted nations.
- NEO-COLONIALSIM is the most dangerous system or policy of exploitation. It is more serious than colonialism. Here the colonialists become puppet masters of the puppet local representatives (The Executives, The Legislature, The Judiciary and The Media). This type of imperialism does not require huge funding by the colonialists. While the majority of indigenes wallow in poverty, a tiny minority of the
- privileged class together with their foreign cronies loot the public. This is the situation of Ghana, Nigeria, Togo, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote D’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, Liberia, The Gambia and most of African nations today.
- A REPUBLIC is simply a representative form of Government.
- PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC is the representative form of Government, by all, that represent the collective interest of all. For Example the First Republic of Ghana led by Dr. Kwame Nkrumah. (You may want to find out about the PEOPLE’s REPUBLIC that was run in your respective countries immediately after independence before the Coup D’états started happening to usurp political and economic power from the fresh crop of good leaders in your countries.)
- ELITES’ REPUBLIC is the representative form of Government by the minority, that represents the interest of the few (elites) over and above the public interest. Examples are colonial regime headed by the English Queen, the (2nd ,3rd and 4th) republics of Ghana. (You may want to find out the types of republic run by your governments after the fighter for independence in your country was removed).
The European colonialism in Africa started with the Portuguese in the 15th century and ended with the British and the French in the early 20th century. During the early days of the colonial times, the colonizers disenfranchised Africans of their power and resources and consolidated them in the illegitimate hands of their governments, in this case the French and the British Crown. This decisive step unfortunately opened the floodgates of colonialism in Africa for centuries to come. In the case of Ghana otherwise known as the Gold Coast, the local chiefs were coerced to sign a “Bond of Good Behaviour” so everyone could live in Peace because the local military constantly fought the new system. Unfortunately they were defeated and made to sign the BOND OF 1844. The Ghanaian folks did not understand English very well and agreed to the terms of the Bond which allowed to British to become their new rulers.
In 1874 the Gold Coast was established, thirty (30) years after the “Bond” signed by our Chiefs. That gave Britain her first real political influence in the country, the notorious ‘scramble of Africa’ started in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.
The Berlin Conference (1884–85) in Germany was the icing on the poisonous cake expropriation that was cooked few decades in the British parliament. A year before the treaty of 1844 was signed in the Gold Coast, there was an English Parliamentary approval of the fraudulent (Sakawa/419) Act (Section 1 of the British Settlements Act, 1843) to illegally enshrine on themselves special mandates to:
i. establish laws.
ii. establish institutions and ordinances, (consequentially in 1876, the Gold Coast Court of Ordinance was established).
iii. constitute such courts and of the territories concerned.
This was how judicial and executive powers were first usurped from the people of Ghana (Africa), by a fraudulent act enacted outside the jurisdiction of Ghana (Africa). With this fraudulent jurisprudential powers they enacted a lands bill in 1897 to expropriate local lands to the British Crown, a move which was thwarted by revolutionaries: J.W. de Graft Johnson, Jacob Wilson Sey, J. P. Brown, J. E. Casely Hayford, and John Mensah Sarbah, who mobilized and rallied chiefs and the people of the Gold Coast against such fraudulent legislations.
Their courage sowed the seed of decolonization and sense of nationalism.
However, colonialism and its die hard attitudes like the attitudes of slavery, whose hangover still dominated behavior in certain parts of the western hemisphere provoked the likes of Kwame Nkrumah (from Ghana, Africa must unite), Nnamdi Azikiwe (NIgeria), Dedan Kimathi (Kenya), Patrice Lumumba (The Congo), Leopold Cedar Senghor (Senegal) Amilcar Cabral (Guinea Bissau), Chris Hani (South Africa) and the struggle against colonialism had to linger for over a century to come.
Contemporary African political independence headed by these great African leaders (mentioned above) was short lived.
However, the political milestone in the modern history of Africa which sparked and propelled exponentially the economic and industrial growth of the continent started with Dr. Kwame Nkrumah (from Ghana) the first ever PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC leader; a black skinned man who declared on the Independence day of Ghana on 6th March, 1957 that “The Independence of Ghana is meaningless unless it is linked up with the total liberation of the African Continent.” He was right when he said the black man is capable of managing his own affairs. In fact, no colonial regime prior to 1957 or any neocolonial regime post the 1966 coup, ever scratched the surface of the kind of rapid development Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Ethiopia (Allies of Nkrumah) witnessed between 1957-1966.
Africa (West Africa) is over six (6) decades old since the declaration of political independence. Successive military governments have served under different jurisdictions/constitutions, which put our generation in the best position, endowed with information enough to dissect, analyze and better understand the systematic transition from colonialism of the recent past to today’s neo-colonialism, which represents the final and most dangerous stage of imperialism (Neo-Colonialism, the Last Stage of imperialism Kwame Nkrumah, 1965). Imperialism yields nothing but a diminishing judicial, economic and political sovereignty of nations.
Evolution of revolutionaries and revolutionary liberation gradually drowned the ship of Colonialism in most places in Africa. These revolutionary groups had the interest of the people at heart, and now the likes of Economic Freedom Fighters of South Africa, who are the proponents against neocolonial establishments, and championing a campaign to expropriate lands back to the original owners without compensation, The People power of Uganda, who are struggling to obliterate the Yoweri Museveni’s elites republic, The Economic Fighters League (Fighters) of Ghana’s struggle against the 1992 constitution, are all geared toward drowning the ship of neocolonialism.
We have a mandate as Leaders and Writers to strive hard and become better versions of ourselves EVERYDAY.
NEO-COLONIALISM is a systemic challenge, regardless of which neo-colonial puppet party is in power in your country, their regime must be TOPPLED by the Power OF YOUR SMART DEVICE.